Reading and Links

Reading and Links

Even since Machiavelli, we have been trying to understand how to measure what leaders do. Much of the reading and studies to date have focused on the United States or developed world. Below is a selection of articles on different aspects of leadership connected to the LCI.

The LCI Index

  •  Mark Bennister, Paul ‘t Hart & Ben Worthy (2014): Assessing the Authority of Political Office-Holders: The Leadership Capital Index, West European Politics, DOI: 10.1080/01402382.2014.954778
    To link to this article:
  • Bennister, Mark and Hart, Paul ‘t and Worthy, Ben, Leadership Capital: Measuring the Dynamics of Leadership (December 15, 2013). Available at SSRN:
  • An early draft of our ideas from 2012 Worthy, Ben and Bennister, Mark, Getting it, Spending it, Losing it: Exploring Political Capital (April 12, 2012) is available on ssrn here

Three great papers applying the LCI by students from Utrecht

Measuring Leadership

Crisis and Duration

  • Walter, James and Hart, Paul ‘t (2014) Distributed Leadership and Policy Success: Understanding Political Dyads (July 21, 2014). Australian Political Studies Association, The Australian Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Sydney. Available at SSRN:
  • Horiuchi, Yusaku and Laing, Matthew and Hart, Paul ‘t (2012) Hard Acts to Follow: Predecessor Effects on Party Leader Survival (October 27, 2012). Party Politics, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN:
  • Boin, Arjen and Hart, Paul ‘t and McConnell, Allan and Preston, Thomas A., Leadership Style, Crisis Response and Blame Management: The Case of Hurricane Katrina (January 18, 2010). Available at SSRN: or

United States

  • Helms, Ludger, Is There a Presidentialization of US Presidential Leadership? A European Perspective on Washington, in: Acta Politica 9 (2014), forthcoming, published online ahead of print, doi:10.1057/ap.2013.20Greenstein, F. I. (2006). Presidential difference in the early republic: The highly disparate leadership styles of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 36(3), 373-390 see here
  • Greenstein, F. I. (2000). The qualities of effective presidents: An overview from FDR to Bill Clinton. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 30(1), 178-185 see here

Western Europe

  • Buller, J., & James, T. S. (2012). Statecraft and the assessment of national political leaders: The case of new labour and Tony Blair. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 14(4), 534-555 see here
  • Strangio, P., Hart, P. T., & Walter, J. (Eds.). (2013). Understanding Prime-ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives. Oxford University Press (introduction available on Google books)

Institutions and Performance

  • Jalalzai, Farida and Alexander, Amy C., The Symbolic Effects of Female Heads of States and Government (August 21, 2014). The Symbolic Effects of Female Heads of States and Government . Available at SSRN:
  • Helms, Ludger Global Political Leadership in the Twenty-first Century:
    Problems and Prospects, in: Contemporary Politics 20 (2014), forthcoming, published online ahead of print,
  • Helms, Ludger, Institutional Analysis, in: Paul t Hart and R.A.W. Rhodes (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 195-209.
  • Helms, When Leaders Are Not Good: Exploring Bad Leadership in Liberal Democracies across Time and Space, in: John Kane and Haig Patapan (eds), Good Democratic Leadership: On Prudence and Judgment in Contemporary Democracies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 51-68.
  • Ludger Helms, Politische Führung und Institutionen, oder: Was leistet eine institutionalistische Leadership-Forschung?, in: Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft 8 (2014), pp. 57-78.
  • Political Leadership, in: Stephen Padgett, William E. Paterson and Reimut Zohlnhöfer (eds), Developments in German Politics 4, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 103-117

Political Capital

  • Kane, J. (Ed.). (2001). The politics of moral capital. Cambridge University Press (extract here)
  • Kjaer, U. (2013). Local Political Leadership: The Art of Circulating Political Capital. Local Government Studies, 39(2), 253-272.
  • Wacquant, L. (2004). Pointers on Pierre Bourdieu and democratic politics. Constellations, 11(1), 3-15 see here
  • Schugurensky, D. (2000). Citizenship learning and democratic engagement: Political capital revisited. In Conference Proceedings, pp (Vol. 417, p. 422) see here

Psychological Approaches

  • O’Loughlin, J., & Grant, R. (1990). The political geography of presidential speeches, 1946–87. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 80(4), 504-530 see here
  • Hermann, M. G. (1980). Explaining foreign policy behavior using the personal characteristics of political leaders. International Studies Quarterly, 24(1), 7-46 see here

Media and Leadership

Blogs on Leadership

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